Yaushe hauhawar farashin kayan dakon ruwa a duniya zai kawo sauyi?
Yaushe hauhawar farashin kayan dakon ruwa a duniya zai kawo sauyi?
01 Yuni 2022 Duba: 70

Kamfanin dillancin labaran kasar Sin, Beijing, 15 ga watan Janairu (Pang Wuji, Liu Wenwen) Tun da dadewa, jigilar kayayyaki ya kasance wani muhimmin bangare na kasuwar cinikayya da sufuri ta kasa da kasa tare da karancin farashi.

Koyaya, tun bayan barkewar cutar, farashin jigilar kayayyaki a duniya ya fara ƙirar haɓakar hauka. A cikin shekara guda kawai, farashin jigilar kaya ya yi tashin gwauron zabo sau 10. Me ya sa farashin jigilar kayayyaki ya yi tashin gwauron zabi? Wane irin rikici ne tsarin samar da kayayyaki a duniya ke ciki? Har yaushe wannan lamarin zai ci gaba? Jens Eskelund, shugaban kamfanin Maersk (China) Co., Ltd., wani katafaren jigilar kaya da kayayyaki na duniya, ya amince da wata tattaunawa ta musamman da kamfanin dillancin labarai na kasar Sin ya yi don nazari da amsa wadannan tambayoyi.

A cikin 'yan watannin nan, dubun-dubatar kwantena masu cike da kayayyakin da ake shigowa da su kasar sun makale a tashoshin jiragen ruwa na Amurka, kuma jiragen ruwa da yawa sun yi layi a gefen tashar, suna jiran makonni.

Freightos, wani dandali na dabaru, ya nuna cewa farashin jigilar kaya mai tsawon kafa 40 daga kasar Sin zuwa gabar tekun yammacin Amurka ya kai dala 20,000 a watan Agustan bara, kuma ya koma dala 14,600 tun daga ranar 14 ga Janairu. har yanzu fiye da sau 10 matakin kafin barkewar cutar.

Rashin jigilar kayayyaki ya fallasa matsaloli masu zurfi a cikin sarkar kayayyaki.

Yan Ci ya yi imanin cewa, toshe hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki a duniya da rashin daidaito tsakanin kayayyaki da bukatu a kasuwa, su ne dalilan da suka haddasa hauhawar farashin kayayyaki kai tsaye. Bugu da kari, abubuwan da suka hada da rage tasirin jiragen ruwa, hauhawar farashin jiragen ruwa da farashin hayar kwantena, da kuma karin farashin da ke hade da samar wa abokan ciniki madadin hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki su ma sun taimaka wajen hauhawar farashin kaya.

Duk da haka, ya nuna cewa farashin kayan da aka ambata a nan duk farashin jigilar kaya ne (farashin jigilar kayayyaki na gajeren lokaci a cikin watanni uku), kuma a halin yanzu Maersk yana shirya jigilar kayayyaki ga mafi yawan (fiye da 64%) na kundin jigilar kayayyaki bisa ga yarjejeniyar dogon lokaci da aka sanya hannu. , "Mu The sufurin rates yarda da abokan ciniki kasance a barga a lokacin kwangila lokaci da kuma ba a shafe su da manyan kasuwar hawa da sauka."

Yan Ci ya ce, a gaskiya ma, rashin wadatar kayayyaki a yanzu ya zama cikas ga harkokin sufuri a cikin kasa.

Ya yi nuni da cewa, an rage yadda ake tafiyar da harkokin sufurin jiragen ruwa, wanda ke haifar da jinkirin shigowa da fita da kuma tasoshin jiragen ruwa. Abubuwan da ke jawo tasirin tashar jiragen ruwa suna raguwa da abubuwa kamar ƙarancin ma'aikata, rashin isassun motocin dakon kaya, da rashin isasshen wurin ajiya.

A zamanin yau, yawancin tashoshin jiragen ruwa suna da yawan yadi mai girma sosai. Lokacin da manyan motoci suka isa, suna iya "tono" akwati kawai don loda su. Yaya ƙananan ingancin za a iya tunanin.

Ya ce cutar ta fi kamari a Los Angeles da Seattle da ke gabar tekun yammacin Amurka. Lokacin jira yana da tsayin makonni 4, tare da ɗan gajeren jinkiri a tashoshin jiragen ruwa na arewacin Turai da Asiya, ta yadda aka tsara madaidaicin makonni 12 na asali zai ɗauki makonni 13 ko ma 14 don kammalawa. tafiya da dawowa.

Yan Ci ya ce, sabanin abin da ya faru na cunkoso da kwantena da babu kowa a tashoshin jiragen ruwa na ketare, tashoshin jiragen ruwa na kasar Sin suna aiki cikin tsari da tsari.

A ganin Yanci, tashoshin jiragen ruwa na kasar Sin suna aiki da inganci sosai. Ba wai kawai suna amfani da sabbin fasahohi ba ne kawai, har ma suna ba da mahimmanci ga ƙarfafa haɗin gwiwa tare da dukkan bangarorin da ke cikin muhallin tashar jiragen ruwa. Saboda haka, bayan barkewar annobar, abin da ya fi mayar da hankali kan harkokin cinikayya a duniya shi ne kasar Sin, kuma ko da karuwar yawan kayayyaki, har yanzu tashoshin jiragen ruwa na kasar Sin na iya kiyaye zaman lafiya.


"Ana iya cewa kasar Sin tana da tsarin tashar jiragen ruwa mai daraja a duniya."

Binciken ya yi imanin cewa, a bangare guda, kasar Sin ta shawo kan cutar yadda ya kamata a kan lokaci, kuma saurin dawo da aiki da samar da kayayyaki ya zarce yadda ake tsammani. A cikin sarkar masana'antun duniya, masana'antun masana'antu na kasar Sin suna taka muhimmiyar rawa. A daya hannun kuma, tare da farfado da tattalin arzikin duniya, bukatun kayayyakin Asiya a Turai da Amurka ya karu, kana bukatar sake dawo da kayayyaki daga kasashen waje yana da karfi, don haka kayayyaki masu yawa suna kwarara daga kasar Sin zuwa ketare, suna tallafawa kasashen waje. ci gaba da bunƙasa girman ciniki.


Kayayyakin ruwan teku na ci gaba da hauhawa, yaushe za a dawo?

Yan Ci ya yi imanin cewa, da wuya matsin lambar da ake fuskanta a cikin rubu'in farko na wannan shekara ba zai samu ci gaba sosai ba, kuma wannan lamari na iya ci gaba bayan sabuwar shekara ta kasar Sin. Ko da, a Arewacin Amirka, yana yiwuwa ya daɗe.

"Makullin toshe hanyoyin hada-hadar kasuwancin teku da kuma toshe hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki na kasa da kasa shi ne samar da sassaucin hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki da kuma rage sauyin yanayi." Ya ce, tsarin samar da kayayyaki a halin yanzu ba shi da karfin da zai iya jurewa wargajewar annobar. Tsarin ciniki na kasa da kasa yana bukatar gaggawar sarkar samar da dijital mai fahimta da gaskiya. A gefe guda, ana buƙatar tsare-tsare na kimiyya da haɓaka tsarin, kuma a ɗaya ɓangaren, ana buƙatar ƙirƙirar yankin buffer don tinkarar duk wani rashin tabbas.

Yan Ci ya yi imanin cewa, wani abin da ke haifar da karancin kwantena a halin yanzu, rashin wuraren dakon kaya, da hauhawar farashin kaya shi ne matsalolin tsarin.

Masu ɗaukar kaya irin su kamfanonin jigilar kaya suna ba da kulawa sosai ga sarrafa farashi kuma suna mai da hankali kan inganta ƙimar kaya na ɗan lokaci. Wannan kuma ya haifar da wani samfurin haɗin gwiwar haɗe-haɗe tsakanin kamfanonin jigilar kaya da masu mallakar kaya, da sanya farashin kaya a ƙarƙashin babban matsin ƙasa da rage sassauci da juriya na sarkar kayayyaki. Da zarar an fuskanci taron "black swan" kamar sabuwar annoba ta kambi, babu wuri mai yawa don buffer.

Yanci ya bayyana fatan dukkan bangarorin za su yi koyi da shi, da kuma fatan rage sauyin farashin kayayyakin dakon kaya da samun karin kudin shiga. Kasuwar da ba ta da ƙarfi ta sa ya zama da wahala ga kamfanoni su yanke shawarar saka hannun jari na dogon lokaci da tsarawa.

"Ko da yake wannan yana buƙatar takamaiman farashi, zai kawo babban fa'ida na dogon lokaci ga kamfanonin kasuwancin waje." Yace

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